Justice Anthony Kennedy has been a key swing vote on the U.S. Supreme Court for more than two decades, and his decisions have often been seen as indicative of a conservative judicial philosophy. However, in recent years Kennedy has shown himself to be more of a centrist justice, often siding with the more liberal members of the court on issues such as same-sex marriage and the death penalty.
Kennedy was appointed to the Supreme Court by President Ronald Reagan in 1988, and his early years on the bench were marked by strong conservative rulings. In cases such as Texas v. Johnson, where the court ruled that flag-burning was protected under the First Amendment, and Planned Parenthood v. Casey, where the court upheld the right to abortion, Kennedy sided with the conservative majority.
However, as the court has become increasingly polarized, Kennedy has begun to occupy the middle ground. In recent years, he has been a key swing vote in cases such as Obergefell v. Hodges, which legalized same-sex marriage nationwide, and Kennedy v. Louisiana, which struck down the death penalty for child rapists.
So, is Justice Kennedy conservative? In his early years on the bench, Kennedy was seen as a staunch conservative. However, in recent years he has become more of a centrist justice, often siding with the more liberal members of the court.
Table of Contents
- 1 What political party was justice Kennedy?
- 2 How many of the Supreme Court justices are conservative?
- 3 Was Sandra Day O’Connor conservative?
- 4 Was Justice Stevens liberal or conservative?
- 5 Who appointed justice Kennedy?
- 6 Which president did not appoint a justice?
- 7 What is the makeup of the Supreme Court right now?
What political party was justice Kennedy?
Justice Kennedy was most notably a Republican and served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1963 to 1965. He later served as a U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals judge from 1975 to 1988. In 1988, he was nominated by President Ronald Reagan to the U.S. Supreme Court, and he has served as a justice since then.
How many of the Supreme Court justices are conservative?
How many of the Supreme Court justices are conservative?
As of February 2017, there are currently eight justices on the Supreme Court, four of whom are considered conservative. The four conservative justices are Clarence Thomas, Samuel Alito, John Roberts, and Antonin Scalia. The four liberal justices are Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Stephen Breyer, Sonia Sotomayor, and Elena Kagan.
While the court leans conservative, it is not exclusively so. For example, Justice Anthony Kennedy is considered a conservative, but he has sided with the liberal justices on several high-profile cases, most notably Obergefell v. Hodges, the 2015 case in which the court ruled that same-sex marriage is a constitutional right.
The ideological breakdown of the court can change with the appointment of a new justice. If President Donald Trump were to appoint a conservative justice to replace Antonin Scalia, who died in 2016, the court would become more conservative. If, on the other hand, a liberal justice were to be appointed, the court would become more liberal.
Was Sandra Day O’Connor conservative?
Justice Sandra Day O’Connor was one of the most influential Supreme Court justices in history, serving on the nation’s highest court from 1981-2006. Her rulings on a variety of hot-button issues, including abortion, affirmative action, and the death penalty, often split the court along conservative and liberal lines. But what did O’Connor herself consider to be a conservative value?
O’Connor was born in El Paso, Texas, in 1930, and raised on her family’s cattle ranch. She was a talented student and athlete, graduating third in her class from Stanford University in 1952. O’Connor then attended law school at Stanford, where she served as editor-in-chief of the law review.
After law school, O’Connor worked as a county prosecutor and as a judge in Arizona. She was appointed to the Arizona Supreme Court in 1975, and then appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court by President Ronald Reagan in 1981.
As a justice, O’Connor often sided with the conservative wing of the court. She was a strong advocate for limited government and individual liberty, and she opposed the use of affirmative action and the expansion of the federal government’s power. O’Connor also believed in the sanctity of life, and she was a strong supporter of the death penalty.
However, O’Connor was not a rigid conservative. She was willing to compromise and work with her liberal colleagues on the court to reach a consensus. For example, she was a key player in the court’s 5-4 decision in Planned Parenthood v. Casey, which upheld the right to abortion.
In the end, it is difficult to label O’Connor as strictly conservative or liberal. She was a pragmatic justice who believed in using the law to uphold the Constitution and protect the rights of all Americans.
Was Justice Stevens liberal or conservative?
Justice John Paul Stevens, who retired from the Supreme Court in 2010, was considered a liberal justice. Stevens was nominated to the Supreme Court by Republican President Gerald Ford in 1975 and served for 35 years.
Stevens was known for his strong support of the Constitution and for his dedication to civil liberties. He was often a dissenter in conservative-majority rulings and was a staunch opponent of the death penalty.
In cases involving abortion, affirmative action, and gun rights, Stevens was typically on the liberal side of the debate. He was also a strong advocate for the separation of church and state.
In his later years on the Supreme Court, Stevens began to moderate his views somewhat and joined in several conservative rulings. However, he remained a staunch supporter of individual rights and liberties.
Who appointed justice Kennedy?
Justice Anthony Kennedy was appointed to the Supreme Court by President Ronald Reagan in 1988. Reagan originally considered nominating Judge Robert Bork to the Court, but eventually chose Kennedy after Bork’s nomination was met with significant opposition. Kennedy had served as a judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit since 1975.
Which president did not appoint a justice?
Which president did not appoint a justice to the United States Supreme Court?
The answer: Andrew Johnson.
Johnson was the 17th president of the United States, serving from 1865 to 1869. He did not appoint a justice to the Supreme Court because the Senate refused to confirm his nominees.
The seat that was left vacant was eventually filled by Joseph P. Bradley, who was nominated by Ulysses S. Grant.
What is the makeup of the Supreme Court right now?
The makeup of the Supreme Court right now is as follows:
There are nine justices on the Supreme Court: Chief Justice John Roberts and Associate Justices Antonin Scalia, Anthony Kennedy, Clarence Thomas, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Stephen Breyer, Samuel Alito, Sonia Sotomayor, and Elena Kagan.
Of the nine justices, six are considered conservative, three are considered liberal, and two are considered moderate.